It’s something more interesting than Venice. Because the canals of Venice did not come home, and in ‘s-Hertogenbosch (another name for the city of Den Bosch) is and does. Binnendieze, because it’s called a network of canals in the city, the capital of North Brabant, flowing between the streets, but also in homes. Because there was no other choice. Duke Henry I of Brabant in 1185 began building the fortress in a strategic location at the confluence of the rivers Dommel and Aa, in the wooded dunes of the lake in the middle. To flash flood did not destroy the city, it was necessary to regulate river. A lack of space, narrow drainage channels led inside the walls, and under houses. Although the place was missing, but they Den Bosch was then the second most populous city in the Netherlands in Utrecht.
The old town flowed so 22 km of channels, called Binnendieze. They not only played the role of dehydration, but were also the waterways (narrow is narrow, but they were), and sewage. Were connected with rivers and swamps surrounding the city. It is these swamps prevented several times during the Dutch war of independence perhaps the greatest commander of the Dutch, Maurice of Orange. It held that the acquisition defended by the Spaniards and mud fortress’ s-Hertogenbosch is pointless. But in 1629 another Dutch commander Frederick Henry of Orange ordered to dig through the swamps about 40 km of ditches, and water pumped out of them. The Spanish crew of defending the city, deprived of the protection of mud, had to surrender. Later, after gaining independence from the Netherlands, Den Bosch, the fortress was expanded considerably. Binnendieze were included in the system of moats and canals of the new fortress. She relied French troops of Louis XIV, and the army of revolutionary France barely won the Den Bosch. In the nineteenth century, has once again expanded the fortress. Not long ago, stationed in the Dutch army unit. This was the main Dutch garrison town.
In the twentieth century, a network of channels has become cumbersome, because of the plague of rats. Therefore, after the war it was decided to bury most of the channels. Not for long. Because already in 1973 found that the channels can be a great tourist attraction and began its reconstruction. The fall of 1998 was given the last episode. But not 22 km, but only 3630 meters. A year later crossed channels among others. rulers, Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands and the Belgian King Albert.
Binnendieze Photo Gallery
Larger channel, De Groote Stroom, is brought under control the old riverbed Dommel. It is surrounded on the east and north of the city’s oldest honor. It flipped over ten bridges. Smaller, De Vughtestroom, cuts off the western part of the old town, deployed along the street Vughtestraat. Although the wording is wrong cuts, the fluid channel, and above it are poprzerzucane bridges and houses. Similarly, he is the De Groote Stroom.
And indeed, the channels have become the largest tourist attraction ‘s-Hertogenbosch, piercing even the beautiful Gothic cathedral with a wonderful statue, before which he prayed to Pope John Paul II, a perfectly preserved Renaissance fortress and the oldest homes in the Netherlands, not to mention.
Low-noise motorized boat cruise on the canals ‘s-Hertogenbosch is a program of mandatory tours of North Brabant, the province of Holland, whose capital is the’ s-Hertogenbosch.